What is a Mutual Fund (MF)?
A Mutual Fund is not a legal entity. Mutual Fund assets are composed, as per the law, by transferable securities, money market instruments and cash. These are divided pro rata to the participants based on the number of shares they possess. Those who participate to the MF assets are called Unitholders. Unitholders can be either physical or legal entities.
What are the units of a Mutual Fund?
The Net Asset Value of the Mutual Fund is divided to equal value registered units and to registered fractions of the unit. Every Unitholder that participates in the assets of MF, possesses a number of units pro rata to the capital invested.
What is the Management Company (M.C)?
The Management Company is a Limited Company with registered shares, which aims to establish and manage Mutual Funds. The MC represents judicially and extra judicially the unitholders while it is also responsible for the monitoring of the custodian with regard to his duties as defined and predicted by the Mutual Fund regulation and the Legal framework. The approval of CySEC is required for the operation of a MC.
What is the Custodian?
As per the law, the custodian can be registered in Cyprus or in any other country member of E.U. provided that it operates in Cyprus through branch. The custodian safe keeps the Mutual Funds assets, act as treasurer, co-signs the Annual and Semi-Annual reports, the Prospectus and the Mutual Funds Regulations, while it also controls the legitimacy of the manager that is the MC.
What is the Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC)?
The CySEC is a legal entity of public interest. It is an independent regulatory authority. The decisions of CySEC are implemented by the regulated companies. The CySEC may impose penalty and fines to the regulated companies when they do not comply with the legal framework on their daily activity.
What is Mutual Fund Regulation?
The Mutual Fund regulation is jointly drafted by the custodian and the MC. It is filed for approval by CySEC and includes inter alia the Mutual Fund name, the kind and the category of the transferable securities which will define the Mutual Funds assets, the category of the Mutual Fund, the subscription price of the Mutual Fund at the date of its registration, the terms of subscription and redemption of shares, the financial charges on the shareholders (management and custodian fee, subscription and redemption commissions) and others. The potential Unitholder must take into consideration the regulation prior to the proceeding prior to the purchase of shares of a Mutual Fund. Interested parties can obtain and been informed about regulation of Mutual Fund by MC’s website and the sale points of Mutual Funds.
What is the NAV of Mutual Fund?
The Net Assets Value (NAV) of Mutual Fund is the total assets invested in securities and cash, as provided by Regulation and legal framework.
The assets of the Mutual Fund are valued daily by the MC.
What is the return of Mutual Fund?
All the Mutual Funds invest their assets in transferable securities and cash as defined by the Mutual Fund regulation and legal framework. The transferable securities which constitute the Mutual Fund assets, make returns depending on their type. The returns deriving from the transferable securities and cash as well as the return due to the capital gains increase the share price. This increase is called return.
How many and which prices have the units of a Mutual Fund?
The units of a Mutual Fund have three prices, the net price, the Subscription price and the Redemption price. The net Price of each share is calculated by dividing the Net Asset Value (NAV) by the number of units outstanding.
The procedure is as follows: At the end of the accounting day after the closing of markets in which M/F invests, its assets are marked to market in order for the company to determine its NAV
After the determination of the daily net asset value of the fund, the company divides the NAV of the fund by the total number of units outstanding and by this calculation the daily net price of the fund is been set
Then the company adds to the net price the applicable by the prospectus subscription fee
The subscription price is the price at which the shareholder can participate in the Fund
Finally the company subtracts from the net price the applicable by its prospectus redemption fee
The redemption price is the price at which the shareholder redeems shares partially or in whole